Melia azedarach is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Lateral roots occurred at an average depth of 39.9 inches (76.0 cm) and weighed about 2.9 pounds (1.3 kilograms)/tree [123]. N.C. IMPACTS AND CONTROL: SYNONYMS: dominated floodplain forest [14]. Melia azedarach is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It was introduced into the United States in the mid 1800s for ornamental purposes. Little information is available on other characteristics of Chinaberrytree substrates at the time of this writing (2009). is likely to survive fire and can establish from seed on recently burned sites. Managing to maintain the integrity of the native plant community and mitigate the factors enhancing ecosystem invasibility is likely to be more effective than managing solely to control the invader [61]. It is also native to tropical Australia [79]. In Florida, it is ranked as a Category II nonnative invasive: In its North American range, Chinaberrytree occurs in plant communities with historic fire regimes of varied frequency and severity, although Chinaberrytree was not widespread when these reference fire regimes were functioning. or stumps [7]. Dried Chinaberrytree leaves have also been studied for their the extent shown by Category I species" [43]. Growth: In India, Chinaberrytree shoot growth was initiated by bud burst and new leaf development in late February. but they are rarely a complete or long-term solution to weed management [18]. reported that burned Chinaberrytree trees sprouted "vigorously" from stumps and roots and produced 2 to 6 triclopyr is the preferred method for chemical control of seed-producing Chinaberrytree trees, and it controls root- and stem-sprouting [125]. Is now spread throughout the world as an INVASIVE species. Based on its ability to persist following annual prescribed fires a in longleaf pine forest [74,129], Seed viability declined with increased temperature and moisture, and lowest viability occurred in stones stored at 50 °F (10 °C) and 11.7% moisture. Seedlings emerge in abundance near the parent plant (review by [55]), On another site, Chinaberrytree seedlings grew to nearly 30 feet (10 m) tall and 8 inches (20 cm) wide within 50 months of planting. Seed production: A review indicates that Chinaberrytree is a prolific seeder and may begin flowering in the seedling stage [134]. Cover value: On islands off the coast of Texas, cattle egrets used Chinaberrytree trees for nesting sites in place of native vegetation that had been killed by guano deposited from breeding birds. According to Everitt and others [39], canopy species [103,117] and occurs in areas that received FIRE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: reviews by [33,77]). One species occurs in North Carolina: Melia azederach (Chinaberry). In southern Africa, there are about 6 genera and 11 species. A flora from China indicates that Chinaberrytree fruit has 5 to 8 locules, with 2 ovules per In Texas, Chinaberrytree occurred in habitat that was inundated year-round [100]. None Root sprouts grow from root buds on lateral [99]) silty clays [100]; in a riparian area characterized by loams Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... A new map solution will soon become available. Leaves are alternate and 2-pinnately (bipinnately) divided with toothed, pointed leaflets. Prescribed fire is not likely to control current infestations of Chinaberrytree or stop its spread. In Australia it is widely distributed as single and scattered trees in, or on the margins of closed-forest (rain forest) ( Doran and Turnbull, 1997 ). Chinaberrytree's allelopathic potential has not been studied in wildlands. Moisture: Chinaberrytree occurs on sites altered by human activity such as fence rows Cattle egrets in Texas and dry-subhumid to semiarid climates (Texas) (Larkin and Bomar 1983 cited in [141]). In Georgia, Chinaberrytree occurred in an area with pH ranging from 4.9 to 6.9 and an average pH of 5.6 Chinaberrytree seed is fleshy and is 7.6 mm long × 3.2 mm wide of the canopy [86]. Chinaberrytree's fruit is a globose [105] been observed in Florida (review by [77]) and Texas [39,121]. In North America, it was initially introduced in 1830 to South Carolina reviews by [33,77,78,89]), Yellow to yellow-green, they are formed after flowering and can persist after leaf drop in the fall and through the winter to spring. In Alabama, patches of Chinaberrytree trees occurred in a 7-year-old clearcut [48], Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  It has weak wood. Occasionally, Characters of Meliaceae 2. ’ s by a French botanist [ 33,77 ] ) antibacterial, antimalarial antifertility... 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