Why was Jonah Angry When Nineveh Did Repent? Summary-As soon as Jonah’s proclamation reached Nineveh’s king, he began mourning, and proclaimed that every man and beast in the land should refrain from eating food or drinking.Rather, they should cover themselves in sackcloth and call out mightily to the Lord. For I … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 3:10—4:11" Next, the king called for a fast and decreed “let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. 4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day's walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown." ", Strange credulity, had Jonah's message not been true; strange madness of unbelief which does not repent when a Greater than Jonah cries Matthew 4:17, "Repent ye, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." Grace is the major theme of Jonah 3. Jonah ( Jonah 4:11) mentions the children as numbering one hundred twenty thousand, which would give about a million to the whole population. 1 And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying, 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Verse Comparison: Jonah 3:6. Introduction. Jonah 3:6-10 English Standard Version (ESV) The People of Nineveh Repent 6 The word reached [ a ] the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Jonah 3:1-10 Revival; PHIL NEWTON. Jonah 3:3 Nineveh; Jonah 3 Nineveh; DAVID STRAIN. "It was a marvelous thing, that purple was outvied by sackcloth. Jonah 3:10. Proud member Rollin's Ancient History, vol. 1. Test. Jonah 3: 6 Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. Salem Media Group. Medieval commentary tradition. December 14, 2017. Jonah: An Exegetical Commentary Ch. II. "He exchanges purple, gold, gems for the simple rough and sordid sackcloth, and his throne for the most abject ashes, the humblest thing he could do, fulfilling a deeper degree of humility than is related of the people. And God saw their works — He not only heard their good words, by which they professed repentance, but saw their good works, by which they brought forth fruits meet for repentance. In fact, we have been divinely wired … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 3:10—4:11" Jonah finds himself in a similar situation with God. The man disobeys and flees, but God providentially brings Jonah back to the original call to which he finally obeys.1 The book of Jonah is one of those unique Old Testament stories that easily transfers to children’s Sunday School. God calls a man named Jonah. Book List. "It denotes great earnestness, haste, diligence." Jonah 3:6 "For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the fish’s belly. Fortunately, the story is familiar. The book does not say who wrote it. As worn by kings, it was the most magnificent part of their dress, and a special part of their state. . Jonah 3:6 "For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." So, Jonah decided to go in the opposite direction, aiming for Tarshish (probably a place in Spain, famous for its ships). Jonah 3 – Jonah Preaches Repentance in Nineveh, the City Repents A. Jonah’s ministry in Nineveh. But when he finally delivers God’s message, the word spreads throughout the city. Chapter 1. Israel shared itsnorthern border with Syria. Wise king, who, for the saving of his people, owns himself a sinner rather than a king. The king of Nineveh, thought to be either Adad-nirari III (810-783), or Assurdan III (772 – 755), exchanged his royal robes for sackcloth and ashes (Job 42:6; Isa. It even reaches the ears of the king, who proclaims a fast of both humans and beasts. Jonah … Test. For drunkenness and satiety shook the city through and through, and were about to overthrow it; when it was reeling and about to fall, fasting stablished it" . Before, he held the princedom of military discipline; now, he obtained the princedom in heavenly disciplines.". Rick Morley, 2012. Jonah: A Commentary, Volume 32 James Limburg No preview available - 1993. Sackcloth availed, what the purple robe availed not. The king of Nineveh, thought to be either Adad-nirari III (810-783), or Assurdan III (772 – 755), exchanged his royal robes for sackcloth and ashes (Job 42:6; Isa. Chapter 4. Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. He saw that they turned from their evil way — And that was what he looked for and required. "Jonah challenges the perspective of the righteously indignant to put aside moral superiority and take on the character of God, whose mercy is from everlasting to everlasting." Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.” Then, “God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish” (Jonah 3:6 … Jonah 3:3 Nineveh; Jonah 3 Nineveh; DAVID STRAIN. Then he cried out and said, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!" Jonah intended to run away from God. His making use of us is an evidence of his being at peace with us. 7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; do not let them eat, or drink water. Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:10 - 4:11 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary reading. In this chapter we have, I. Jonah's mission renewed, and the command a second time given him to go preach at Nineveh (v. 1, 2). For word came unto the king of Nineveh Who was not Sardanapalus, a very dissolute prince, and abandoned to his lusts; but rather Pul, the same that came against Menahem king of Israel, ( 2 Kings 15:19 ) , as Bishop Usher F19 thinks; to him news were brought that there was such a prophet come into the city, and published such and such things, which met with credit among the people; and that these, of all ranks and degrees, age and sex, were afflicted with it, and thrown into the utmost concern about it; so very swiftly did the ministry of Jonah spread in the city; and what he delivered was so quickly carried from one to another, that in one day's time it reached the palace, and the royal ear: and he arose from his throne; where he sat in great majesty and splendour, encircled by his nobles, receiving their caresses and compliments; or, it may be, giving audience to foreign ambassadors, sent to court his friendship and alliance; or hearing causes, and redressing the grievances of his subjects; for he appears to be one that did not indulge himself in hunting, and such like exercises, or in his lusts and pleasures: and he laid his robe from him; his royal apparel, his imperial robe, and garments of his glory, as the Targum; or his glorious garments, with which he was richly and most magnificently arrayed; he put off these, and left his throne, in token of his concern at hearing such dismal tidings as the overthrow of his capital city, and of his humiliation and abasement: and covered [him] with sackcloth; which was very rough and coarse, and must be very disagreeable to a person so tender and delicate, and was what the meanest of his subjects wore on this occasion: and sat in ashes; or "in the" or "that ashes" F20; used in such times of mourning, which were either strewed under him, or put upon his head; and this, with the other, were done to afflict the body, and affect the mind with a sense of sin, and the misery threatened for sin, and to shaw deep humiliation for it. To form a conception of the change involved, the descriptions of Assyrian royal magnificence should be studied in Layard, or their representations in the Assyrian courts of the Crystal Palace. Jonah is structured in such a way that Jonah's first commission (chapters 1-2) is contrasted with his second commission (chapters 3-4). 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. Marvelous! We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. A. M. 3233. "The king had conquered enemies by valor; he conquered God by humility. For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. (b.c. The third chapter begins in nearly the same way as chapter 1, “The word of the Lord came to Jonah…” The message was almost identical to the first with two minor changes: 1. Clarke's Jonah 3:6 Bible Commentary Word came unto the king - This, some think, was Pul; others, Sardanapalus his son, king of Assyria, who flourished in the reign of Jeroboam the Second: but it seems more probable that the monarch here alluded to was a … That’s because God is a God of relationship. Read Introduction to Jonah . Jonah 3 Hebrew with Rashi's Commentary; Christian. a. Although this phrase is one of the several indications in the book of Jonah of Nineveh’s impressive size, interpreters are not precisely sure what “a three-day walk” means. Fortunately, the story is familiar. And he laid . Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Strange garb for the king, in the eyes of a luxurious age; acceptable in His who said Matthew 11:21, "if the mighty works which have been done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes" . (1-2) The second call to Jonah. He knew that the people of Nineveh were bad. God’s will in this mission is sovereign. The commentary on Jonah in this volume was written by Joyce Baldwin. That is why I fled beforehand to Tarshish. This was the large costly upper garment, so called from its amplitude It is the name of the goodly Babylonian garment Joshua 7:21 which Achan coveted. Seest thou, I said not groundlessly that we should fear, not fasting but drunkenness and satiety? 3:1 "the word of the Lord came to Jonah" This reflects 1:1. Micah. Jonah, like Christ’s analogy of being in the earth for three days, remained in this fish’s belly and lives through it. Jonah 3:1-10 Revival; PHIL NEWTON. Every Yom Kippur afternoon, congregations all over the world read the Book of Jonah, as set out for us in the Babylonian Talmud, M'gillah 31a. "Five Words." Word came unto the king - This, some think, was Pul; others, Sardanapalus his son, king of Assyria, who flourished in the reign of Jeroboam the Second: but it seems more probable that the monarch here alluded to was a king of Assyria contemporary with Joash, king of Judah. Jonah 3:6, ESV: "The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Verses 3-6 Jonah, however, refused to obey God. But instead, in chapter 2, we saw Jonah running sm… Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. A Commentary on Jonah 3:6. Rick Morley, 2012. "Five Words." It is interesting to find it used of the “Babylonish garment,” found in Achan’s tent. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Jonah. 2. p. 30. Nineveh Repents. w 7 This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh: F19 Annales Vet. Jonah's message to For reasons that make the book of Jonah a ripping good story, it takes a good while for Jonah to get to Nineveh. While he remembereth not that he is a king of men, he beginneth to be a king of righteousness. It is uncertain whether Jonah had preached for some days in the city before it was known to the king. Commentary, Jonah 3:1-5, 10, Callie Plunket-Brewton, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. 3. Read Jonah 3 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. 3:1 "the word of the Lord came to Jonah" This reflects 1:1. Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Commentaries: No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Jonah 3:6. The prince, becoming religious, lost not his empire but changed it. Malachi 3:6, “For I am the Lord, I do not change; Therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.” He 13:8, “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” Jas 1:17, “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.” Jonah 3:7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: Jonah 3:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:6, NIV: "When Jonah's warning reached the king of Nineveh, he rose from his throne, took off his royal robes, covered himself with sackcloth and sat down in the dust." Jonah Goes to Nineveh. Common terms and phrases. Then the army of the country of Assyriadefeated Syria in war, which made Sy… II. Rather, they should cover themselves in sackcloth and call out mightily to the Lord. Jonah 3:6 Context. Book Overview - Jonah by Arend Remmers. (1-4) Nineveh is spared upon the repentance of the inhabitants. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. Jonah 2:1. For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Background 1. Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you. Commentary on Jonah, Micah, Nahum by John Calvin. The Hebrew in this verse literally means, "Cry the cry that I bid thee"; [3] and it has reference to the fervor, earnestness, and urgency which are to mark the preaching. Every person who chooses to repent and to walk and work in righteousness is invited into relationship with God. 58:5). 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Jonah finally delivered the message to … Malachi 3:6, “For I am the Lord, I do not change; Therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.” He 13:8, “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” Jas 1:17, “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.” Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. Fortunately, the story is familiar. April 29, 2020 May 8, 2020. In chapter 1, we saw Jonah trying to run away from God. Chapter 3. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Jonah 3 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Jonah 3:6 Commentaries: When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. In this commentary on the prophet Jonah, the author will take the reader on a tour of the historical background, the main characters and their role, the main argument, the main purpose, and an … Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 840.) "The Gloss on Jonah relies almost exclusively on Jerome’s commentary on Jonah (c. 396), so its Latin often has a tone of urbane classicism. (5-10) Commentary on Jonah 3:1-4 (Read Jonah 3:1-4) God employs Jonah again in his service. He forgets that he is a king, fearing God, the King of all; he remembereth not his own power, coming to own the power of the Godhead. "Many wish to repent, yet so as not to part with their luxuries or the vanity of their dress, like the Greek who said he would 'like to be a philosopher, yet in a few things, not altogether.' Commentary, Jonah 3:1-5, 10, Callie Plunket-Brewton, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Jonah 3:1-10 Ask The Ninevites; ALAN STEWART. and he arose from his throne; where he sat in great majesty and splendour, encircled by his nobles, receiving their caresses and compliments; or, it may be, giving audience to foreign ambassadors, sent to court his friendship and alliance; or hearing causes, and redressing the grievances of his subjects; for he appears to be one that did not indulge himself in hunting, and such like exercises, or in his lusts and pleasures: and he laid his robe from him; his royal apparel, his imperial robe, and garments of his glory, as the Targum; or his glorious garments, with which he was richly and most magnificently arrayed; he put off these, and left his throne, in token of his concern at hearing such dismal tidings as the overthrow of his capital city, and of his humiliation and abasement: and covered him with sackcloth; which was very rough and coarse, and must be very disagreeable to a person so tender and delicate, and was what the meanest of his subjects wore on this occasion: and sat in ashes; or "in the" or "that ashes" (t); used in such times of mourning, which were either strewed under him, or put upon his head; and this, with the other, were done to afflict the body, and affect the mind with a sense of sin, and the misery threatened for sin, and to shaw deep humiliation for it. The king of Nineveh dreads no charge of precipitancy nor man's judgment . All rights reserved. Jonah Jonah Flees the Presence of the Lord. Jonah 3:4b Commentary; Jonah 3:5 Commentary; Jonah 3:6-9 Commentary; Jonah 3:10 Commentary; All notes on Pdf; FRANKLIN KIRKSEY. This is key, because remember in chapter one, we saw everyone praying to their false gods while Jonah remained silent. To whom we may answer, 'delicate food and costly dress agree not with penitence; and that is no great grief which never comes to light'" . Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:1-5, 10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary readings. First is God's grace shown to His prophet, Jonah, by extending him a second chance after his flagrant rebellion in chapter 1. He went down to g Joppa and found a ship going to f Tarshish. 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. 2. God gave Jonah a mission, and Jonah tried to decline the mission, but God would not let him. Calvin's Commentary on the Bible. Jonah 2:1 gives the setting. Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, 1 Now the word of the L ord came to a Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2 “Arise, go to b Nineveh, that c great city, and call out against it, d for their evil 1 has come up before me.” 3 But Jonah e rose to flee to f Tarshish from the presence of the L ord. He is in perfect and complete control, and he will not allow some patriotic, Jewish prophet to keep Him from performing what He wants to do. 7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; do not let them eat, or drink water. Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:1-5, 10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary readings. 1 And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying,. 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. In this chapter we have, I. Jonah's mission renewed, and the command a second time given him to go preach at Nineveh . Any message, the urgency of which is denied by the manner of its delivery, will be fruitless. 1. And Jonah began to enter the city on the first day's walk. Vid. 2. Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:10 - 4:11 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary reading. (s) Annales Vet. Jonah's Mission Renewed; The Prophet's Mission to Nineveh. Study the bible online using commentary on Jonah 3 and more! What the diadem accomplished not, the ashes accomplished. Jonah 3: 6 Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. Genesis 37:34; 2Samuel 3:31; Job 2:8; Psalm 35:13; Ezekiel 26:16, &c. And he arose from his throne - He lost no time; he heard, "and he arose" . DAILY GOSPEL AND COMMENTARY: THE SIGN OF JONAH (Lk 11:29-32) Wednesday, 1st week of Lent. Jonah 3:1 The God of the Second Chance; JOHN KITTO. Jonah 3:6-9. Summary- As soon as Jonah’s proclamation reached Nineveh’s king, he began mourning, and proclaimed that every man and beast in the land should refrain from eating food or drinking. This is because the story is not very favourable towards Jonah. READING I Jon 3:1–10. Nineveh Repents. Determining date and authorship of Jonah remains problematic, as explicit references do not exist within the narrative.Consequently, scholars must consider linguistic and historical factors to approximate such information. Jonah 3:6 The People of Nineveh Repent 6 The word reached 3 the king of Nineveh, and p he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, q and sat in ashes. Jonah 3:6 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 6 Views. The fish literally threw up Jonah on a beach and allowed him to go on his mission. Isn’t this just what I said when I was still in my own country? When the army of Syria defeated the army of Israelin war, it took some of Israel’s land. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you.”. Jonah 3:6, ESV: "The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Continued from Ch. It is unlikely that Jonah wasthe author. Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. And their city was 500 miles (800 kilometres) away! Jonah had made a serious mistake and suffered serious consequences. 3:1-5 A Calling Revived. Jonah 3:6. jon 3:6. Thomas E. McComiskey — The Minor Prophets (2009 [1992]). Existing ruins show that Nineveh acquired its greatest extent under the kings of the second dynasty, that is, the kings mentioned in Scripture; it was then that Jonah visited it, and the reports of its magnificence were carried to the west [LAYARD]. We find ourselves with Jonah in the belly of the fish praying to God. 2 Kings 14:25), placing the book somewhere in the eighth century (BC). If he had not seen that, their fasting and sackcloth would have been as nothing in his account. The prophet Jonah (= a dove) is already mentioned in 2 Kings 14:25. "And he laid his robe from him." Jonah 3:4b Commentary; Jonah 3:5 Commentary; Jonah 3:6-9 Commentary; Jonah 3:10 Commentary; All notes on Pdf; FRANKLIN KIRKSEY. "Jonah challenges the perspective of the righteously indignant to put aside moral superiority and take on the character of God, whose mercy is from everlasting to everlasting." Jonah 3:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:6, NIV: "When Jonah's warning reached the king of Nineveh, he rose from his throne, took off his royal robes, covered himself with sackcloth and sat down in the dust." This has resulted in a cottage industry of Jonah-themed Bible … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 1:1-17; 3:1-10; [4:1-11]" See 1Kings 19:13.) Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. See Joshua 7:21), the monarch assumes a mourning dress.
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