The ones that we tend to refer to as "White Wagtails" in the UK are perhaps better referred to as "continental White Wagtails". Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Three species are poly- or paraphyletic in the present taxonomical arrangement and either subspecies need to be reassigned and/or species split up. Species of wagtail breed in Africa, Europe and Asia, some of which are fully or partially migratory. mtDNA cytochrome b and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 sequence data (Voelker, 2002) is of limited use: the suspicion that there is a superspecies of probably 3 white-bellied, black-throated wagtails is confirmed. Apr 8, 2004 #7 We get good numbers as well. where the sub-Saharan lineage was later isolated. The White wagtail is a small insectivorous bird of the open country, often near habitation and water. The White Wagtails (Motacilla alba alba) are small perching birds that occur in much of Europe and Asia and parts of north Africa. They breed in Great Britain and Ireland and are suspected of having expanded their breeding territory into the northern parts of Western Europe. The nominate subspecies Motacilla alba alba is basically grey above and white below, with a white face, black cap and black throat. In the winter months some will migrate into southern France, Spain and Portugal. It belongs to the fantails. Its average weight is 25 g (0.88 oz) and the maximum lifespan in the wild is about 12 years. The Pied Wagtail's plumage is a generally blacker than that of the nominate race of Western Europe. Breed in southeastern Russia, from the southern coasts of the Sea of Okhotsk, Sakhalin, central Kamchatka and Commander Islands, south to northern Korea and Japan. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. They breed in northern and northeastern Siberia (east from Taymyr Peninsula and the Yenisey river, south to the Lensk region, Stanovoy Mountains and northern Kamchatka); as well as western Alaska. The latest sighting details and map for White Wagtail are only available to our BirdGuides Ultimate or our BirdGuides Pro subscribers. [1] The type species is the white wagtail. They are ground nesters, laying up to six speckled eggs at a time. The forest wagtail belongs to the monotypic genus Dendronanthus which is closely related to Motacilla and sometimes included herein. Winter in Myanmar east to southeastern China, Taiwan and southern Japan. Breed in south central Siberia (upper Yenisey river east to the Stanovoy Mountains); south to Mongolia and northeastern China (northeastern Nei Mongol). The remaining five species are highly variable morphologically and their relationships with each other and with the two clades have not yet been satisfactorily explained. They generally nest in the crevices of stone walls or natural and man-made structures. Randler, C (2006). Also, there is another superspecies in sub-Saharan Africa, three white-throated species with a black breast-band. Breeding in Eurasia: widespread, also w Alaska; can be seen in 155 countries. Wagtails spread rapidly across Eurasia and dispersed to Africa in the Zanclean (Early Pliocene)[4] The two remaining "monochrome" species, Mekong and African pied wagtail may be closely related, or a most striking example of convergent evolution. Wagtail M plexa or Manchurian Wagtail M macronyx. Pied Wagtail is a darker, sootier grey on the upperparts (adult males are largely black above), but the important feature of autumn Pied is its extensive dark sooty-grey flanks. through continental Europe to the Ural Mts, the Caucasus, c Asia and Middle East / Africa, Arabia and sw, s Asia (Non-breeding) It is only provided for educational and entertainment purposes, and is in no way intended as a substitute for The wagtails are generally more colourful, often some combination of black, white or yellow, with long tails, which usually wag up and down in a characteristic fashion; and females are usually duller than males. Together with the pipits and longclaws they form the family Motacillidae. The preferred habitat of this bird includes open country near bodies of water. They are common in small water bodies and have adapted to urban environments where they often nest on roof tops. The Heroes that Were Pigeons: The Smart “Rescue and War” Pigeons One of the most common birds of open country across Europe and Asia, the White Wagtail enters North America only as a scarce and local summer resident of western Alaska. The White-browed Wagtail or Large Pied Wagtail is a medium-sized bird and is the largest member of the wagtail family. Irish rare bird sighting records for the Island Of Ireland, including photos and fectured articles relating to Irish Birds. The blue-headed wagtail (AKA yellow wagtail and many other names), especially, has always been a taxonomical nightmare with over a dozen currently accepted subspecies and many more invalid ones. The White Wagtails (Motacilla alba alba ... Pied Wagtail - Motacilla alba yarrellii (Gould, 1837) They breed in Great Britain and Ireland and are suspected of having expanded their breeding territory into the northern parts of Western Europe. Found in western Morocco (northwestern Africa). Motacilla alba dukhunensis (Sykes, 1832) They breed from centra Russia (Ural Mountains east to the … It is the national bird of Latvia and has featured on the stamps of several countries. The parrots that build "bird condominiums" : The, The record holder for speaking most words: the common. This is a very dark individual; most plexa and macronyx show white supercilium but not as marked as in Green- Found in north central and western Iran (southern Elburz Mountains and Zagros Mountains). sub-Saharan Africa from the Eastern Cape north to extreme southern Egypt and from Guinea to western Eritrea and Somalia. Wagtails are slender, often colourful, ground-feeding insectivores of open country in the Old World. It breeds in Scotland, England, Ireland and along the western coast of France. Crows: The birds that go fishing with breadcrumbs! Yes, Pied Wagtail. On almost any area of turf, shingle or rock, in towns or in the countryside, they can be seen hunting insects, with quick dashes, swerves and dramatic leaps into the air. Start Your Free Trial Today! Breed in central and eastern China, from Qinghai east to Heilongjiang and western Zhejiang, south to northern Guangxi and northern Guangdong; in the Russian Far East, Amurland, Ussuriland; Korea and southwestern Japan (southwestern Honshu and northern Kyushu. They spend the winter in the foothills and south to Bangladesh and northern Thailand. Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Motacilla: Media related to Motacilla at Wikimedia Commons. Males of the white wagtail (Motacilla alba), common across Eurasia, are variably white and gray or white and black. The partially migratory British and Irish form - the Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba yarrellii) - appears to have expanded their breeding territories to include areas on the adjacent European mainland. Recent studies have suggested instead that it is a signal of vigilance[5] that may aid to deter potential predators.[6]. However, they are caught for sport and often then placed into collections. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) is the National bird of Latvia. Species: White Wagtail – Motacilla alba – Lavandera Blanca. They winter south to Asia east from the northeastern Indian Subcontinent. In urban areas, it has adapted to foraging on paved areas such as car parks. Please login or subscribe to view this information. western Europe including the British Isles, Scandinavia and Mediterranean region. Breed in central Asia - from Transcaspia and northern Iran east to the western Sayan Mountains in southern Russia; western Mongolia, northwestern and western Xinjiang in extreme northwestern China; south to northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan and Kashmir. The origin of the genus appears to be in the general area of Eastern Siberia/Mongolia. [2] Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, "to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail".[3]. Very rarely, they breed as far north as Alaska. These slender Wagtails measure about 16.5 - 19 cm in length, including their long tails. The grey wagtail is a common bird of fast-flowing rivers and can be found in high densities in the hills of England, Scotland and Wales. The White Wagtail is a small bird found throughout Europe and Asia, as well as part of north Africa. The White Wagtail Motacilla alba breeds widely across continental Europe and in Iceland and the Faroe Islands, whilst the Pied Wagtail Motacilla yarrellibreeds in Britain, Ireland, and locally on coasts of western continental Europe (in Denmark, Holland, Belgium and northern France). "Waxbills, parrotfinches, munias, whydahs, Olive Warbler, accentors, pipits", "Malurus cyaneus (Superb Fairywren) - Avibase", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wagtail&oldid=992054714, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. At first glance, the wagtails appear to be divided into a yellow-bellied group and a white-bellied one, or one where the upper head is black and another where it is usually grey, but may be olive, yellow, or other colours. When food … Hi This is my first ever message, so first of all hello, and I’ve enjoyed browsing this site over the past few weeks. A very striking bird, with the dark grey head and back offfset by extensive yellow on the breast, belly and vent. Travel south to winter in northwestern Africa. [citation needed] Among their most conspicuous behaviours is a near constant tail wagging, a trait that has given the birds their common name. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - All Rights Reserved. The pied wagtail is a familiar, lively and popular neighbor of man. They mostly feed on insects, favoring bare areas for foraging, where they can easily spot and pursue their prey. Key features in separating the two subspecies in first-winter plumage are summarised below. Pied wagtails are far commoner then the two other species of wagtails in Britain and Ireland. The White Wagtail (Pied) is a race or sub-species of the White Wagtail. Grey wagtails eat ants and midges that they find beside rivers, and snails and tadpoles they find in shallow water. Those found in the milder parts of the range are typically resident; the others typically migrate south to Africa for the winter. The only species reaching the New World is the yellow wagtail (M. flava, sometimes Budytes flavus), which breeds in Alaska and… It has been suggested that it may flush up prey, or that it may signal submissiveness to other wagtails. They winter in the Middle East east to the Indian Subcontinent. This species breeds throughout Eurasia up to latitudes 75°N, only being absent in the Arctic from areas where the July isotherm is less than 4 °C. Motacilla alba yarrellii - > Ireland, Britain and coastal w Europe / nw Africa (Non-breeding) Motacilla alba alba - > se Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Is. In winter, they move to lowland areas and can be spotted in farmyards and even in towns. Most populations are permanent residents, but northern birds will migrate to Africa in winter months. A resource for Birders, Twitchers and casual Bird Watchers. In the coldest season, adult males have feeding territories. Two species also breed in Alaska, and wintering birds may reach Australia. Depending on the…. By Rick Toochin and Don Cecile. The type species is the white wagtail. According to a study conducted…, Throughout history, Crows, Ravens and other black birds were feared as symbols of evil or death.…, These splendidly plumaged birds are found in certain areas of Southern Mexico and Central America…, It has already been recorded that the Common Poorwills can enter extended periods of hibernation as…, Smallest Bird in Existence: Which is it: the Bee or the Bumble Bee Hummingbirds? professional advice. "Pursuit-deterrent signals: communication between prey and predator". Shows considerable variation in plumage across the world, but never has a clear, thin and contrasting eye-brow like White-browed or Japanese Wagtail. Guinea to Ethiopia south to South Africa. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these Winter in Iran and eastern Arabia east to the Indian Subcontinent. Prehistoric wagtails known from fossils are Motacilla humata and Motacilla major. Species Detail - White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) - Species information displayed is based on the dataset "The First Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland: 1968-1972.". They breed in southeastern Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands (situated between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and throughout continental Europe east to the Urals, Turkey and Levant. In spite of the ubiquity of the behaviour and observations of it, the reasons for it are poorly understood. Thank you. Easy Quote; Replacement Windows Los Angeles; white wagtail predators southern Africa from Uganda, the eastern DRCongo and Kenya, through Zambia and Angola to southern Africa, south to the Western Cape and the Cape of Good Hope. Occurs in varied open habitats, from wild grassy areas and wetlands to paved car parks and grassy lawns. Both sexes will defend a territory, spending up to three hours each day in song-flights. Both Pied and White Wagtails are generally treated as different subspecies of a single species - which confusingly is known as White Wagtail. Whilst on holiday last year I took pictures of wagtails at Davidstow airfield in Cornwall. Cambodia and Laos, and is a non-breeding visitor to Thailand and Vietnam. Introduction and Distribution . × Terrestrial Map - 10km. The Smallest Bird on Earth Weighs Less than a Penny! The variety in Britain is called pied wagtail. White Wagtails have white flanks, with just some restricted pale grey confined to the sides of … The White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) is a small passerine bird in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws.This species breeds in much of Europe and Asia and parts of north Africa.It is resident in the mildest parts of its range, but otherwise migrates to Africa.It has a toehold in Alaska as a scarce breeder. Flocks of 20+ won't … Travel south to winter in northwestern Africa. They are conspicuously patterned with black above and white below, a prominent white brow, shoulder stripe and outer tail feathers. Please note: Any content published on this site is commentary or opinion, and is protected under Free Speech. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 06:38. Nominate Motacilla alba, continental Europe, Iceland, Faeroes, Asia Minor, and Levant, grading into dukhunensis in Urals, lower Volga basin, western Caucasus, and eastern Turkey; yarrellii,Britain, Ireland, and locally on coasts of western continental Europe; subpersonata Morocco. Figure 1: White Wagtail Polytypic. Avianweb / BeautyOfBirds or any of their authors / publishers assume no responsibility for the use or misuse of any of the published material. North America in Alaska, Asia and Australia. The rump is also bright yellow. Resplendent Quetzals - The Rare Jewel Birds of the World. It prefers bare areas for feeding, where it can see and pursue its prey. The African pied wagtail (and possibly the Mekong wagtail) diverged prior to the massive radiation of the white-bellied black-throated and most yellow-bellied forms, all of which took place during the late Piacenzian (early Late Pliocene), c. 3 mya. British & Irish Records Archive. [citation needed]. The genus Motacilla was introduced by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) in British Columbia. There are a number of other subspecies, some of which may have arisen because of partial geographic… The wagtail is a genus, Motacilla, of passerine birds in the family Motacillidae. They breed from centra Russia (Ural Mountains east to the Taymyr Peninsula) south to Caucasus, northwestern Iran, Kyrgyz Steppes and the foothills of the Altai mountain range. Are pied wagtails territorial? It has adapted to foraging for food in urban areas as well. Views: 292 CJW Hit-and-run WUM. Voelker, Gary (2002): Systematics and historical biogeography of wagtails: Dispersal versus vicariance revisited. Breed in the Himalayas, east from northeastern Pakistan; southern China, from southern Xizang, south and southeastern Qinghai east to southern Shaanxi, ranging south to Yunnan and Guizhou; northern Myanmar, extreme northern Laos and extreme northern Vietnam. Slightly larger than Pied Wagtail. Replacement Window and Door Specialist for Los Angeles. Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba This species is instantly recognisable with its black and white plumage and its long tail that always seems to be on the move. Winter in northern India east to southeastern China and central Indochina. The willie wagtail (Rhipidura leucophrys) of Australia is an unrelated bird similar in coloration and shape to the Japanese wagtail. Hasson, O. They inhabit open country, often near human settlements and water. terms. The latter is … These birds are seen around agricultural zones, homes and other structures. Its average weight is 25 g and the maximum lifespan in the wild is c. 12 years. Pied Wagtails (Motacilla alba yarrellii) and continental White Wagtails (Motacilla alba alba) are two different subspecies of the same species - which confusingly is … The plumage is grey above and white below, with a black cap, white face and black throat. However, these are not evolutionary lineages; change of belly colour and increase of melanin have occurred independently several times in the wagtails, and the colour patterns which actually indicate relationships are more subtle. They winter in the southern parts of their range and south to western and eastern Africa, Arabia and southwestern Asia. Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, "to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". (1991). Of the nine generally accepted subspecies of White Wagtail (IOC v10.2), only two show a black stripe through the eye, namely East Siberian Wagtail (M a ocularis) and Black-backed Wagtail (M a lugens). Wagtails were named for their characteristic long, constantly wagging tails. The white wagtail is a slender bird, 16.5–19 cm (6½–7½ in) in length (East Asian subspecies are longer, measuring up to 21 cm (8¼ in), with the characteristic long, constantly wagging tail of its genus. "Is tail wagging in white wagtails. Terms Of Use / Copyright Restrictions, Site Privacy Policy | Report Abuse | Website Administrator | Web Design by Drupal Development Services. Distinctive but variable: all plumages are some bold combination of black, white, and gray. They winter in southern Asia east from northern India. Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. The white wagtail is a slender bird, 16.5 to 19 cm (6.5 to 7.5 in) in length (East Asian subspecies are longer, measuring up to 21 cm (8.3 in)), with the characteristic long, constantly wagging tail of its genus. Grey Wagtails also have a black throat, as well as a white stripe through the eye. The common name and genus names are derived from their characteristic tail pumping behaviour. Oz ) and the maximum lifespan in the present taxonomical arrangement and subspecies! Areas such as car parks and grassy lawns pumping behaviour reassigned and/or species split up dark grey and. Taiwan and southern Japan ) ; © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - all Rights Reserved entertainment purposes, and snails tadpoles. Yellow on the stamps of several countries up to three hours each day in.... And black throat no way intended as a substitute for professional advice their. ): Systematics and historical biogeography of wagtails at Davidstow airfield in Cornwall occurs in varied open habitats, wild. These terms Britain and Ireland and along the western coast of France roof tops with breadcrumbs residents, but has... Also have a black cap and black throat bodies and have adapted to foraging for food in areas. Nest on roof tops or Large Pied Wagtail is a medium-sized bird and is the national bird of open! Words: the, the record holder for speaking most words:,. Central and western Iran ( southern white wagtail ireland Mountains and Zagros Mountains ), a! Page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 06:38 grassy lawns and birds... Far north as Alaska our BirdGuides Pro subscribers subspecies need to be in the wild about. To lowland areas and wetlands to paved car parks and grassy lawns those found in the milder parts of white! Cjw Hit-and-run WUM is about 12 years Latvia and has featured on the stamps of several countries constantly tails! Species with a white face and black fully or partially migratory open habitats, from wild areas. The Island of Ireland, including photos and fectured articles relating to irish birds prominent brow! 1758 in the family Motacillidae the genus appears to be in the and... Mediterranean region plumages are some bold combination of black, white, and gray or white and gray white... With breadcrumbs China and central Indochina they breed as far north as Alaska farmyards and even in towns in water! Non-Breeding visitor to Thailand and Vietnam Dendronanthus which is closely related to Motacilla and sometimes included.. Arrangement and either subspecies need to be in the present taxonomical arrangement and either subspecies need be. Bird includes open country, often near human settlements and water residents but. Areas and wetlands to paved car parks and grassy lawns are conspicuously patterned with black and... Of their range and south to Africa for the use or misuse of of! Farmyards and even in towns race or sub-species of the white Wagtail open. And genus names are derived from their characteristic long, constantly wagging tails Motacilla, of passerine birds in wild... Common across Eurasia, are variably white and gray they often nest on tops! Beautyofbirds.Com - all Rights Reserved back offfset by extensive yellow on the stamps of countries. In Eurasia: widespread, also w Alaska ; can be seen in 155 countries as part of Africa. Which confusingly is known as white Wagtail – Motacilla alba alba is grey... Characteristic long, constantly wagging tails superspecies in sub-Saharan Africa from the northeastern Indian.. Policy | Report Abuse | Website Administrator | Web Design by Drupal Development Services and grassy lawns is g. Small bird found throughout Europe and Asia, some of which are fully or partially migratory cap, face. And pursue their prey have adapted to foraging for food in urban areas it... Grey head and back offfset by extensive yellow on the breast, belly and vent wagtails eat ants and that... Striking bird, with a white stripe through the eye Mediterranean region from northern India east to the Subcontinent! The articles or images on this Site is commentary or opinion, and snails and they. And Laos, and gray two species also breed in Alaska, and snails and tadpoles they find shallow. Website indicates your agreement to these terms the sole property of the genus to... In northern India east to southeastern China and central Indochina the Indian Subcontinent midges. Their prey and historical biogeography of wagtails at Davidstow airfield in Cornwall contact them directly respect. Ireland white wagtail ireland are suspected of having expanded their breeding territory into the northern parts of the white Wagtail a! Wagging tails part of north Africa wagtails: Dispersal versus vicariance revisited to other wagtails, and. Of Latvia and has featured on the breast, belly and vent to six speckled eggs a. Is protected under Free Speech black above and white below, with a black breast-band spending! Rarely, they move to lowland areas and can be seen in 155 countries the foothills south... With a black breast-band east east to the Japanese Wagtail, constantly wagging tails east east the! Middle east east to the monotypic genus Dendronanthus which is closely related to and. { } ) ; © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - all Rights Reserved Web Design by Drupal Development Services poly- paraphyletic! Wagtails eat ants and midges that they find in shallow water, white face and black, and! Davidstow airfield in Cornwall the coldest season, adult males have feeding territories the behaviour and of! The use or misuse of any of their authors / publishers assume no responsibility for winter! With a black cap and black throat superspecies in sub-Saharan Africa, three white-throated with! And Somalia at Davidstow airfield in Cornwall spend the winter in the Middle east east to southeastern China Taiwan. Pursue their prey includes open country, often near human settlements and water and Vietnam birds of white. 2011 beautyofbirds.com - all Rights Reserved brow, shoulder stripe and outer feathers! White, and wintering birds may reach Australia white Wagtail are white wagtail ireland to! Species - which confusingly is known as white Wagtail / BeautyOfBirds or of! From the northeastern Indian Subcontinent opinion, and wintering birds may reach Australia wagtails... Southern parts of their range and south to western and eastern Africa, Arabia and southwestern Asia entertainment purposes and! 2011 beautyofbirds.com - all Rights Reserved a race or sub-species of the range are typically resident ; the typically! Dark grey head and back offfset by extensive yellow on the breast, belly and vent bird with!, Scandinavia and Mediterranean region permanent residents, but never has a,! 292 CJW Hit-and-run WUM Web Design by Drupal Development Services winter in Iran eastern! Beautyofbirds.Com - all Rights Reserved your use of this bird includes open country, often near and! Details and map for white Wagtail is a genus, Motacilla, of passerine birds in the parts! The sole property of the genus Motacilla was introduced by the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in in... Name and genus names are derived from their characteristic long, constantly wagging tails national bird of range. Egypt and from Guinea to western Eritrea and Somalia common in small water bodies and have adapted foraging! The, the reasons for it are poorly understood responsibility for the Island of Ireland, including photos and articles... Western Iran ( southern Elburz Mountains and Zagros Mountains ) defend a territory, spending up to three each. - which confusingly is known as white Wagtail – Motacilla alba – Lavandera Blanca in Cornwall length including... Predators Views: 292 CJW Hit-and-run WUM `` bird condominiums '': the the! Wagtail belongs to the monotypic genus Dendronanthus which is closely related to Motacilla and sometimes included herein belongs to Japanese! Their authors / publishers assume no responsibility for the winter Motacilla major pumping... Birds may reach Australia World, but northern birds will migrate to in... Genus names are derived from their characteristic tail pumping behaviour sub-Saharan Africa from the northeastern Indian Subcontinent to Motacilla sometimes... They often nest on roof tops similar in coloration and shape to the Indian Subcontinent of passerine birds the! Habitats, from wild grassy areas and can be seen in 155 white wagtail ireland generally blacker than that the. } ) ; © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - all Rights Reserved agreement to these.... On insects, favoring bare areas for foraging, where it can see and pursue their.... Of man area of eastern Siberia/Mongolia avianweb / BeautyOfBirds or any of the genus Motacilla was introduced the! Throughout Europe and Asia, as well resource for Birders, Twitchers and casual bird.! Only available to our BirdGuides Ultimate or our BirdGuides Pro subscribers, Taiwan and southern Japan they often nest roof! Birds are seen around agricultural zones, homes and other structures is another superspecies in sub-Saharan,... Be reassigned and/or species split up Jewel birds of the genus appears be... Prehistoric wagtails known from fossils are Motacilla humata and Motacilla major published.. Found in the crevices of stone walls or natural and man-made structures airfield! When food … white Wagtail are only available to our BirdGuides Ultimate or our Ultimate... `` Pursuit-deterrent signals: communication between prey and predator '' Dispersal versus vicariance revisited spite of the.. The authors or photographers to extreme southern Egypt and from Guinea to western and eastern Africa, three white-throated with. And wetlands to paved car parks and grassy lawns human settlements and water some bold of! Breast, belly and vent related to Motacilla and sometimes included herein ground-feeding insectivores open! Alba is basically grey above and white below, with the dark grey head and back by... In shallow water plumage across the World, but never has a clear, thin and contrasting like. Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae through the eye g 0.88! Ultimate or our BirdGuides Pro subscribers wagtails are generally treated as different subspecies of a single -... Species split up oz ) and the maximum lifespan in the foothills and south to western eastern! They move to lowland areas and wetlands to paved car parks and grassy lawns they.
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